Mumbai - all boxes checked for a fintech hub
The 'Digital India’ programme, fintech in leasing, and government measures are creating an ideal ecosystem for fintech to flourish in Mumbai.
India - As part of the Digital India Programme, launched in July 2015, the Government of India has made various online payment modes available to promote digital transactions and convert India into a cashless society. Digital payment transactions increased four folds from 2,071 crores (INR 20.71 billion) in FY 2018 to 8,840 crores (INR 88.40 billion) in FY 2022. The initiative drove banks to make tech-driven changes, transforming the entire financial market. This trend, from digital loans, mobile stock services and e-commerce payment platforms to digital currency exchanges, has led to the entry of foreign fintech companies and start-ups.
Why Mumbai - Mumbai is the headquarters for most of India’s public sector banks and insurance companies. The city houses the country’s central bank, National Stock Exchange (NSE), Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and several other prestigious government organisations. In addition, 8 out of 10 top banks in India by market capitalisation are headquartered here. The strength of the city lies in its diversified economic base, with sectors such as BFSI, consulting, pharmaceutical, IT and manufacturing undertaking activities. The city’s two ports handle more than one-third of India’s foreign trade, while all the firms based in the city combined declare nearly 60% of the country’s customs duty collections and 33% of income tax to the National Exchequer.
Mumbai’s ecosystem has provided a conducive environment for BFSI companies to set up technology wings and fintech start-ups to open shop in the city. Mumbai is emerging as the fintech hub of the country, with 42% of the top 50 fintech start-ups in India headquartered in the city. Also, 30% of the total fintech funds raised in India pertain to Mumbai-based start-ups, such as CoinDCX, Billdesk, TSLC, SBI Payment services, Incred, Jupiter, Codebreak and Fatakpay.
Mumbai Leasing - The above trend is reflected in office leasing, with fintech companies’ share in gross leasing volume continuously rising post-pandemic. Fintech companies’ share has been in the range of 25-40% in the last two years, while they remained the top contributor to total gross leasing in the last five years at 26% on a cumulative basis.
Figure 1: Mumbai industry share in gross leasing volume (GLV)
Source: JLL Research
Where in Mumbai - The leasing activity by fintech occupiers is mostly concentrated in the suburbs and the peripheral submarkets such as Thane and Navi Mumbai. Similar to IT/ITES occupiers, fintech companies prefer modern buildings with amenities, large floor plates, proximity to the talent pool and comparatively lower rents. All these conditions are met in the suburban and peripheral districts. The suburbs, Thane and Navi Mumbai, contributed 72% of space leased by the fintech occupiers in the last five years. Some of the recent examples of BFSI back office & fintech occupiers taking more than 50,000 sq ft space include CBSL, Financial Software & System (P) Ltd., Finopay, Reserve Bank Information Technology, Link Intime, Blackrock Services India, IDFC First Bank, Globeop Financial Services, Kissht, ICICI Bank and Aditya Birla Finance.
Figure 2: Submarket share in Fintech leasing
Source: JLL Research
State Government Push – Maharashtra was the first state in the country to announce a Fintech Policy, aiming at making Mumbai one of the world’s top 5 fintech centres. The state government has also formulated a comprehensive start-up policy which compliments the fintech policy. This policy provides a platform for entrepreneurial aspirations as it extends the number of concessions and support for start-ups. Both these policies will be instrumental in developing a robust infrastructure and easing the regulatory framework for developing of fintech and start-up ecosystem.